Thinking ahead



Managing the progress of all the PASSARO work packages and their tasks, ensuring good communication between the interfaces, time, cost and quality management and monitoring the risk management process. Each of the PASSARO groups will have an appointed coordinator who will report to the PASSARO coordinator. The PASSARO Coordinator will be responsible for managing the interface with the CS JU and other topic leaders / partners. This work package will also manage dissemination activities. Depending on the infrastructure made available or not at the AIR level, WP1 will set –up a collaborative platform based on SharePoint for that purpose

Duration: 51 Months
Work Package Leader: INEGI
Participants: All

WP2 is devoted to the research and development of advanced solutions for interior noise reduction in turboprop aircrafts, which is dominated by low frequency noise (tonal noise and associated to blade passage frequency, approx. 100Hz):

  • Cockpit floor panels and supporting sub-structure;
  • The “Brick” representing all of the walls layers consisting of the outer skin, insulation backing and interior panel;
  • Evaluation of thermo-acoustic insulation, weight reduction and impact resistance characteristics of the new materials.

MT1 cockpit demonstrator will be used to validate the acoustic performance of the new solutions. To achieve this, two acoustic insulation configurations will be compared:

  • Reference insulation configuration (current state of the art);
  • Advanced insulation configuration (developed in PASSARO).

Initially, each barrier will be individually analyzed and optimized for acoustic insulation and weight reduction. Later, the performance of the integrated multi-layer assembly (”brick”) will be evaluated and optimized.

Duration: 40 Months
Work Package Leader: INEGI
Participants: CEIIA, ISQ, OPTIMAL

The main objective encompass the research and development of advanced composite solutions to be included in the cockpit primary fuselage or as add-ons. These solutions should be capable to endure medium and high energy impacts due to events such as stones, hail or ice impact, tyre or rotor burst, propeller blade fragment and other high speed debris. Furthermore, multi-functionality should be considered, namely, lightning strike protection, thermal and sound insulation and, compliance with fire, smoke and toxicity (FST) requirements. Prototype skin panels incorporating the enhanced solution will be manufactured and assembled in MT2 cockpit demonstrator. Lightning and bird strike tests will be performed in connection with WP6 and WP7, respectively.

Duration: 38 Months
Work Package Leader: INEGI
Participants: OPTIMAL, ISQ, CAERO

  • To consolidate the concept development started by ADS in CS1 with smart processing and data fusion coming from a multi-type sensor net In line with WAL guidelines
  • Develop an event detection, damage diagnosis and damage prognosis system aiming at the SHM of the cockpit
  • Design and deploy a SHM system, aiming at detecting the effect of several potential endangering events
  • Assess and validate the SHM system (test and qualification) under different endangering events and typical resultant damages on composite and metallic structures
  • Explore the maturity of the SHM system under different types of damages, enabling its eventual general application to distinct endangering events

Duration: 48 Months
Work Package Leader: STS
Participants: INEGI, ISQ

  • Improve pilot usability and efficiency within the cockpit environment using both physical and digital approaches as well as a design thinking methodologies in an holistic approach
  • Collect ergonomic and equipment/interface requirements and task descriptions from a variety of stakeholders based on different missions profiles including single pilot operation
  • Propose efficient and ergonomic cockpit layouts based on requirements and constraints (standards, legislation, pilot experience, human factors) through creative methods for solution generation, and considering both technical state of the art user interface solutions and market demands from emerging needs in future operations
  • Produce visual integration of the cockpit layouts followed by initial prototyping development, assembly and integration of full scale cockpit mock-up with virtual and physical integration of possible hardware devices or dummy devices.
  • Testing using focus group and pilots recommendations, considering different solutions such as Exterior Vision of the Pilot to improve security, Display devices within the Cristal Glass, Natural Light Transmission within the cockpit, Artificial Light of equipment, Cockpit Illumination, Mirror Effects and reflect attenuation among others.

Duration: 36 Months
Work Package Leader: ALMADESIGN
Participants: ISQ, OPTIMAL

  • Study and characterize the effect of lightning strike damage on the materials developed in WP3, in panels and on the full scale demonstrator MT2 (e.g. matrix cracking, surface puncture, delaminations of the ply layers, burn-through, …);
  • Repair techniques assessment (such as stepped repair, tappered-scarf repair and bolted repair) for use following damage from lightning strikes in order select the most advantageous and efficient ones towards the damage type, in order to restore the full scale demonstrator structural and functional capabilities.
  • Evaluate the LSP (lightning strike protection) strategies efficiency and assess the structural tolerance necessary to absorb this damage and the LIE (Lightning Indirect Effects) protection provided by the structure;

Duration: 36 Months
Work Package Leader: ISQ
Participants: OPTIMAL

  • The bird strike configuration to be studied is the impact against the cockpit demonstrator MT2 of a real bird at various impact conditions.
  • Test designed according to aeronautical standards, where the experiments are usually performed using a gas gun and sabot system. Typical tests use birds with 1.8 kg and impact velocities as stated by the standard with cruise speed at sea level of the reference aircraft of 245 knots (126 m/s).
  • After the bird strike testing is completed the full scale demonstrator MT2 will be checked for damages and repair will be performed.

Duration: 36 Months
Work Package Leader: ISQ
Participants: OPTIMAL

  • EMC study of the panels developed for the impact protection set and noise reduction in order to characterize electromagnetic properties which will include simulation and physical testing
  • Measurement of the electromagnetic effects on the equipment (electrical wires, routings and equipment to be specified by the WAL) due to induced currents through the full scale demonstrator MT2 structure

Duration: 26 Months
Work Package Leader: ISQ
Participants: -

Propose eco-efficiency solutions, based on emerging technologies (high-speed transportation, alternative energy sources, large scale energy storage, process automation, …) to achieve a more efficient use of material and energy resources in the plant, focusing on manufacturing and assembling processes, while ensuring the high productivity rates. Reduced resources consumption include time, raw materials, waste materials, consumables, pneumatic and hydraulic fluids. These solutions must remain compatible with recycling process plans. The output of this WP will be a Multidimensional Design Assessment Model that evaluates the assembly process design taking into account all these variables and parameters.

Duration: 30 Months
Work Package Leader: INEGI
Participants: ISQ

Develop an innovative manufacturing system to replace hand lay-up by assisted/automated Robot able to obtain CFRP stiffeners using already qualified materials for mass production purpose in a cost effective way applied in the cockpit of an aircraft. The demonstration of results will be applied to one of the demonstrator provided by the WAL.

Duration: 26 Months
Work Package Leader: OPTIMAL
Participants: CAERO

Develop a centralised system, using a novel connectivity approach for the entire factory so that independently of the interface or device used, information related to the production system is available. Connect the testing technologies to the telecommunications network (secure wireless), and to shopfloor information management level (SAP, CATS, MES… ).

Propose the use of innovative visual aids technologies, fully integrated with information about operators, data, processes and tests exercises, from any location of the factory. A unique step will be taken towards a “cockpit” data consolidation approach, which will include: accurate information of indoor localization and data information on: documentation, tools, parts, processes, programs, cells, and persons for their control during the production process. This will catalyse coordination and exchange of real time date among concurrent collaborative work and enable greater response times while promoting more efficient factory processes.

Duration: 11 Months
Work Package Leader: GMV
Participants: TEKEVER, AERTEC

Guide the engineering of functional tests on the right path of industrial development, in order to improve the efficiency of testing processes according the common targets of economic profitability, health and safety and environmental requirements.

Develop new techniques using gas instead of liquid for the operative detection of leakage detection on A/C fluid-mechanical systems such us: hydraulic, pneumatic and fuel systems and tanks during their testing and assembling phases. So that it could be improved the quality control processes during the system integration at the productive system and the pipes assembly for a future standardization of a new process of functional tests by means of gas.

Duration: 24 Months
Work Package Leader: AERTEC
Participants: INEGI, OPTIMAL

Develop a Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) system specific for aircraft systems functional tests management. This will allow test data to be updated avoiding manual processes as well to be provided all the related actions and information needed (opening and closing orders, opening and closing of incidents, Lift non-quality costs). Data from multiple sources of Airbus DS systems, such as: CATS (Functional Test Tool), SAP, MÁXIMO (maintenance tools), ACMM (Aircraft Control Modifications), METROL…in the PLM, as well of an improvement of the communications between them (systems from the different departments). Integrate the iDMU (interconnected Digital Mock Up) of the aircraft, so as to permit the track of systems testing information (testing specifications, testing means and tools and specific interfaces) along the entire lifecycle of a product from the Design Office specifications, through engineering GTRs/GTIs (Ground Test Requirement and Instruction), to the functional test results, not only of the final product but the necessary means for its industrialisation.

Duration: 45 Months
Work Package Leader: AERTEC
Participants: -

Automate the testing technologies, in order to optimise and save money on the testing procedures. This objective entails several solutions that have to advance individually and then be integrated and evaluated as a standard solution for developing the testing process into the aircraft. Firstly, the WP will research into aircrafts’ auto-run software for system testing in order to permit their control from CATS (external ground test tool) and optimize the testing information management. Thus, the communications interface with CATS, the distributed computing of the network, the AIMs computing and the data and experiences recording for their processing will be studied. Secondly, the WP will select the visual or mechanical aids to be integrated with CATS and with the A/C cockpit in order to optimise in time and space the testing procedures. The WP will improve the current AIMs to make them more flexible, manipulative and reduced.

Duration: 33 Months
Work Package Leader: AERTEC
Participants: EDISOFT, GMV

Promote the paperless factory concept by the use of the most innovative HMI technologies from which the operators can have access to all the information, as well to receive support to the performance of their work. Human factors, safety and operators tasks needs and performance will drive this approach.

The solutions initially evaluated will address the latest trends for tablets, devices for remote communication, augmented reality, voice and 3D objects recognition, coexistence of virtual and real objects and laser projections.

Duration: 21 Months
Work Package Leader: GMV